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Breakfast and Blood Glucose Control

If you are one of the 30 million Americans who skip breakfast you may be putting yourself at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.  Eating the most important meal of the day may be one of the most important things you can do to protect yourself from developing a disease that is expected to affect nearly 40% of Americans during their lifetimes. Several studies suggest that a daily breakfast can significantly decrease your risk of type 2 diabetes and improve overall blood sugar control for individuals with the disease.

Skipping breakfast leads to higher blood sugar

One study published by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition followed more than 29,000 men to examine patterns between eating habits and type 2 diabetes. Over the 16-year study, men who regularly skipped breakfast were 21% more likely to develop type 2 diabetes compared to men who ate breakfast daily.

A small clinical trial tested individuals with type 2 diabetes to observe differences in blood sugar levels on days when breakfast was eaten compared to days when no breakfast was consumed. On the days when test patients skipped breakfast, blood sugars were 37% higher after lunch and 25% higher after dinner on average. Researchers estimate that by skipping breakfast the beta cells of the pancreas that create insulin may have a delayed release due to the longer fast.


Fat and protein for breakfast = feeling fuller

Another study examined breakfast size and composition to see the effects on blood glucose. Half of the participants ate a larger breakfast with more fat and protein compared to the control group. In addition, the group eating a bigger breakfast then ate smaller portions for lunch and dinner. Not only did eating a larger breakfast significantly improve blood glucose over the 3-month trial but participants also reported feeling fuller throughout the day after eating a more substantial morning meal.

For individuals with a diagnosis of diabetes or who may be at risk for developing diabetes, taking the time for breakfast may be one of the best steps in improving your health. For more information on how Safest Choice™ Pasteurized Eggs can help you plan meals to manage type 2 diabetes, see our Safe Eggs & Healthy Eating with Diabetes guide.